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American Posts Record Profit, Undermines Merger Argument

American Posts Record Profit, Undermines Merger Argument

American today reported its financial performance for the third quarter, including a net profit of $530 million, excluding reorganization and special items, a $420 million improvement year-over-year. According to the company’s news release, “it is the most profitable quarter in company history.”

That’s good news for anyone with a financial stake in American, include the airline’s employees, who will be receiving their first profit-sharing payout since 2001.

But it could be bad news for American’s plan to merge with US Airways, which is being contested by the Department of Justice on antitrust grounds.

The DOJ contends that American has successfully restructured during its time in Chapter 11 bankruptcy and is fully capable of operating profitably as a stand-alone company. American’s record earnings certainly bolster that argument.

Nevertheless, American continues to push the merger as the centerpiece of its plan to exit bankruptcy: “American and US Airways Group continue to move forward with developing a merger integration plan designed to ensure a positive outcome for their customers, employees and stakeholders.”

Antitrust Trial Timeline

If no agreement between the DOJ and the airlines is reached in the interim, the trial to adjudicate the DOJ’s suit to block the merger is set to begin on November 25, and is expected to last for around 10 days. Other related events scheduled to take place in the run up to the trial’s start:

October 25 – Close of fact discovery
October 25 – Plaintiffs’ expert disclosure
October 30 – Final deadline for requests for admissions to be served
November 8 – Defendants’ expert disclosures
November 15 – Supplemental and/or rebuttal expert reports
November 20 – Close of expert discovery
November 25 – Trial begins

Merger Cheat Sheet

  • The new company would retain the “American Airlines” name and be based at American’s Ft. Worth headquarters.
  • US Airways chief Doug Parker will be the new CEO. American chief Tom Horton will be named chairman of the new board and remain in that position until the spring of 2014 when the company’s first annual shareholder meeting will be held. When Horton departs the board, Parker will assume his position as chairman.
  • American’s creditors would own around 72 percent of the new company; US Airways shareholders would get the rest.
  • Based on 2012 results, the new company would have generated $38.7 billion in revenue.
  • The merger is expected to generate around $1 billion in combined extra revenue and cost savings for the new company.
  • The new company will be valued at around $11 billion.
  • Combining the third- and fifth-largest U.S. carriers will create the world’s largest airline, in terms of passenger traffic.
  • Prior to any post-merger rationalization, the two airlines will have around 120,000 employees, 950 planes, 6,500 daily flights, and eight major hubs (American: Dallas, Miami, Chicago, Los Angeles, New York; US Airways: Phoenix, Philadelphia, Charlotte). Although the carriers promise to maintain all current hubs, Phoenix and Philadelphia are likely to be downsized in the post-merger “rationalization.”
  • The new American will be a member of the oneworld alliance, not the Star Alliance.
  • The merger is subject to review and approval by U.S. regulators. That wasn’t expected to be a problem since there is relatively little overlap between the two airlines’ networks.
  • The actual merger won’t happen overnight. United and Delta required five and seven months respectively to secure the necessary approvals for their mergers.
  • It was 22 months after their merger closed before United and Continental finally merged their frequent flyer programs. Expect a similar post-close interval before American and US Airways consolidate their programs.
  • Comparisons between American and US Airways’ current mileage programs are probably moot since there’s a high likelihood that an entirely new revenue-based program (like Southwest’s) will be introduced to replace both programs.
  • After the merger, 83% of U.S. domestic air traffic will be in the hands of just four airlines (American 26%, United 19.3%, Delta 19.2%, Southwest 17.3%).

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  • Stephen

    “Although the carriers promise to maintain all current hubs, Phoenix and
    Philadelphia are likely to be downsized in the post-merger
    “rationalization.”

    Phoenix and Philadelphia should remain close to where they are. Instead, I see Los Angeles and New York being downsized significantly, if not dehubbed.